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March 18, 2019
Today's episode of the podcast is a myth busting on all the media reports about first responders overdosing by being exposed to fentanyl in the field by incidental contact. This is physically impossible and the misinformation out there has scared a lot of people, cost us lots of money in the form of hazmat responses and shutting down hospitals, and prevented overdose patients from getting the timely care they need in an emergency. This episode will systematically go through every argument why fentanyl is NOT harmful via incidental exposure and debunk these myths to give first responders one less thing to worry about while they do their frequently dangerous yet vital work.
March 6, 2019
EM Basic is finally back with a new episode. Today's episode will discuss neonatal resuscitation with Dr. Azif Safarulla, a neonatologist at Augusta University. Dr. Dan McCollum and Dr. Jessica Gancar interview Dr. Safarulla on the nuts and bolts of running a successful neonatal resuscitation in the ED. These can be one of the scariest populations we have in the ED so it's important to have a rational and logical approach to quickly assess and intervene on our smallest and youngest patient population.
July 5, 2017
Just a few days after the new EM interns start, today's episode will talk about my advice to new EM interns.  Think of this as the "big picture advice" or a 30,000 foot view of how to approach EM residency.  I'll talk about 4 major big picture points to keep in mind as you start your residency.  This will go way beyond arrive early, stay late, and always keep learning and expand on some big picture ideas of how to function well as a new intern.
May 22, 2017
Today’s episode is on the evaluation and management of sickle cell anemia in the Emergency Department. Dr Jared Walker, a third year EM resident at the University of Florida Jacksonville, has written and recorded this excellent review of sickle cell disease. This episode will discuss how to properly assess patients with sickle cell, how to order the right labs and imaging, what red flags to look out for, how to control sickle cell pain, how to catch the various complications of sickle cell, and proper patient disposition.
May 8, 2017
Today's episode will discuss North American poisonous reptile bites with a focus on snake bites.  This episode was written and recorded by Dr. David Hansen, an active duty physician with the US Army.  It will review common presentations of snake bites, the relevant history and exam findings, the labs to order, how to decide when to use anti-venom and properly administer it.  There is also a bonus section on how to avoid snake bites in the wilderness and what to do if you are bitten by a poisonous snake.
April 10, 2017
This episode is on hyperthermia- just in time for the warmer weather.  However, hyperthermia has many different causes so this episode will review them all.  Dr. Andrea Sarchi wrote this script which was recorded by Jacob Schriner, MS-3 at Emory University School of Medicine.  This episode will review the necessary history and physical exam findings, ordering the right labs and tests, and how to treat this condition to ensure the best patient outcomes.  
March 20, 2017
Today's episode is a quick review of Thyroid emergencies by Dr. Patrick Ng, a 3rd year EM resident in San Antonio, recorded by Jacob Schriner MS-3.  Thyroid emergencies can be difficult to recognize in the ED because they present in so many different ways.  Today's episode will review how to recognize these emergencies, order the right tests, and provide the correct critical treatments.
March 6, 2017
This episode is a re-broadcast of the first sepsis episode in February 2012.  I am republishing the part of that episode that deals with the definitions of sepsis.  I think the new sepsis guidelines rely too much on clinician judgment and gestalt in identifying septic patients so this will be helpful to learners.  To be clear- the term severe sepsis is not in use any more- we only have sepsis and septic shock.  However, learning this stepwise progression (even if patient's don't follow it) will help you better understand how to recognize sepsis in the ED.
March 6, 2017
This episode is a total revamp of the previous episode on sepsis.  A lot has changed with sepsis management since I published the sepsis episode in February 2012 so it was time for a complete overhaul.  The new sepsis guidelines have been out for about a year and I finally got around to updating the episode.  This episode will discuss the recognition of sepsis, how to do a good physical exam and ask the right history questions, order the right tests, and aggressively resuscitate these very sick patients.  There is a separate episode that discusses the old sepsis definitions and how you can use that framework to recognize sepsis.
February 13, 2017
Today's episode is on Croup- just in time for the middle of the croup season.  Your ED may even be filled with kids with a barking cough as we speak.  Today's episode was written by Taylor Fischer and Stewart Harsant, two physician assistants who have done an excellent job of summarizing this common pediatric disease process.  This episode will review the diagnosis of croup, how to risk stratify kids with croup, and how to treat and disposition them properly.  Most of the time, kids with croup do just fine with a little cold night air and some steroids but this episode will also help you figure out which kids are sicker and need much more attention and care.
January 30, 2017
This is Ortho Inservice Review Part 3 which covers injuries to the Pelvis, Lower Extremities, and Pediatric Ortho conditions.  This screencast originally appeared on the Emergency Board Review Podcast in 2012.
January 30, 2017
This is Ortho Inservice Review Part 2 which will cover injuries to the wrist and hand.  This screencast originally appeared on the Emergency Board Review Podcast in 2012.
January 30, 2017
In Part 1 of this 3 part series for Orthopedics inservice review we'll review orthopedic injuries to the Thorax and Upper Extremities.  This is a screencast that was originally broadcasted on the Emergency Board Review website and podcast in 2012.
January 16, 2017
Just in time for the midway point of the winter season, this is a podcast on management of hypothermia in the ED.  Dr. Andrea Sarchi wrote the script which was recorded by Jacob Schriner, a second year medical student at Emory University School of Medicine.  In this episode we'll review the basics of hypothermia diagnosis, history and physical exam pearls, treatment and disposition of these patients.  As always we'll start with the "not sick" patient and then work our way up to the critically ill patients.
January 9, 2017
In part 2, Dr Sheyna Gifford will discuss the how to differentiate opioid overdose from other causes of altered mental status, some special disposition situations (especially with methadone), and how we can quickly screen for opioid abuse and provide patients compassionate care, treatment, and referral.
January 2, 2017
It's no secret that we have a major opioid problem in the United States.  The number of people addicted to opioids has reached epidemic proportions and we are certainly seeing this everyday in the Emergency Department.  In this episode Dr. Sheyna Gifford discusses a few facts about the scope of this epidemic,  the basics of recognizing opioid overdose, and initial stabilization and treatment.  She'll discuss the many different ways of using naloxone (aka Narcan) that we can utilize to wake up patients safely and without precipitating acute withdrawal.
January 25, 2016
EM Basic is back with a re-broadcast from the awesome podcast Pediatric Emergency Playbook by Dr. Tim Horeczko.  Tim is a double boarded in EM and Peds EM and works at Harbor-UCLA hospital.  This was the first episode he published at the beginning of September and it is pure gold.  Tim goes beyond the febrile neonate and talks about how to consider all possible causes for a sick infant- not just anchoring on sepsis the whole time!  Tim presents a rational and systematic approach on how to deal with these young sick patients that get our anxiety and our adrenaline levels through the roof.
October 5, 2015
This is part 2 of the Heme Onc Emergencies series.  This episode will talk about common hematology emergencies that we see in the ED.  Sickle cell disease will be its own episode but this episode will talk about the approach to anemia in the ED, as well as the approach to hemophilias, ITP and TTP.  While you will see lots of anemic patients in the ED, the other diseases are rare but we have to be on the look out for them and know what to do.
October 5, 2015
This is the first of a two part series on Heme-Onc Emergencies.  In this episode, we'll discuss oncology emergencies to include neutropenic fever, tumor lysis syndrome, malignant spinal cord compression and malignant pericardial effusion.  Neutropenic fever is a common chief complaint for patients on chemotherapy so we have to be good at this chief complaint.
August 3, 2015
Today's episode is another installment of the EM Basic Project.  Dr. Sheyna Gifford and Dr. Chrisanna Mink will talk about measles.  This is a disease that we thought we had stamped out long ago with vaccination but the rise of the anti-vaccine movement has caused several small outbreaks so we need to be ready and on the lookout.  They will discuss how to recgonize measles, how to order the right testing and treatment, how to properly disposition these patients and the importance of getting your public health colleagues involved.
July 27, 2015
Today marks the 4th anniversary of the EM Basic podcast.  To celebrate this occasion, we are going to do a screencast on aortic dissection.  This is a very challenging disease to diagnose because patients have lots of different presentations that can make it difficult to diagnose.  We'll talk about the common presentations of dissection, the not-so-common presentations, how to order the right imaging, how to treat these patients in the ED, and how to get them to the right level of care.
July 27, 2015
Today marks the 4th anniversary of the EM Basic podcast.  To celebrate this occasion, we are going to do a screencast on aortic dissection.  This is a very challenging disease to diagnose because patients have lots of different presentations that can make it difficult to diagnose.  We'll talk about the common presentations of dissection, the not-so-common presentations, how to order the right imaging, how to treat these patients in the ED, and how to get them to the right level of care.
April 24, 2015
Today's episode of EM Basic will review vaginal bleeding in patients who are not pregnant.  This is a much different workup from pregnant patients with vaginal bleeding so we have to know how to effectively manage this chief complaint. This episode was written and recorded by Dr. Adaira Landry, an EM senior resident at NYU/Bellevue and Joe Kennedy, a 4th year medical student at Mayo who matched into EM just after this episode was recorded.  They'll review what vital signs to look out for, the important parts of this history and physical, what labs and imaging to order (if any), and the proper disposition of patients with this chief complaint.
March 16, 2015
Today's episode will cover Tactical Combat Casualty Care (TCCC), aka Care Under Fire, aka Care in the Immediately Unsafe Environment.  Dr. Andy Bohn, a residency colleague, recorded today's episode to talk about the basics of taking care of any patient in an unsafe environment.  While the military connotations of this may make you uncomfortable, the techniques and protocols he discusses can be directly translated into any civilian mass casualty scenario such as the Boston Marathon bombing or the fertilizer plant explosion in West, Texas.  Andy will discuss how to stay safe in these hostile environments, how to perform the right interventions that will save lives while elimintating the useless interventions that won't (I'm looking at you- c-collars...), and how to get the casualty to the next level of care safely.
March 2, 2015
EM Basic is back with a brand new episode.  Today's episode was done by Dylan Norton and David Murphy, both 4th year medical students at the University of Colorado Medical School.  We see epistaxis a lot in the ED and while most of it is mild and self limiting, there are frequently cases that take a lot of skill to manage.  They'll talk about the basics of the history and physical with epistaxis, how to order the necessary lab tests, how to manage any case of epistaxis in a step-wise manner, and some newer areas of research.
March 2, 2015
This is a quick announcement to let you know that EM Basic is now partnering with EB Medicine as our bandwidth sponsor.  EB Medicine publishes many resources in Emergency Medicine to include EM Practice, Pediatric EM Practice, as well as LLSA reviews.  These reviews are made by EM physicians for EM providers and provide the latest evidence based medicine reviews of common EM chief complaints.  Recent issues include management of seizures in the ED, hand injuries, and angioedema.  These are quick and to the point reviews that review everything you need to know and nothing that you don't. For residents and students, you can get free electronic access to all of EB Medicine's issues for free- no obligation and no strings attached.  EB Medicine is so confident in the quality of their resources that they know you will want to subscribe once you are done training.  I started reading EB Medicine as a resident and it is one of the few resources that I read cover to cover each month. For attendings and those needing CME- if you visit EB Medicine you will get a great discount and help support the EM Basic podcast with each subscription that is purchased. In exchange for this, I'll be promoting EB Medicine's products at the end of each podcast.  These will be brief and they won't be intrusive.  In accordance with the previous disclaimer on EM Basic, it has been updated to reflect EB Medicine as our official bandwidth sponsor.  However, EM Basic has an always will be free from any outside influence on the content in the podcast.  EB Medicine or any other company will never have any influence on the educational content of the podcast.  
December 1, 2014
In this episode we are going to talk about febrile seizures.  We see this chief complaint a lot in the ED so it's important that we know this topic really well.  Today's script was written by Dr. Andrea Sarchi and will review how to do a good history and physical, how to rule out serious pathology without overtesting, and how to talk with parents.  While simple febrile seizures don't cause any harm to the child, they are very scary for parents so it's important that we know the facts so we can re-assure them and prevent future worry.
October 17, 2014
Ebola has been in the news for the past few months and it has taken on more urgency in the US as cases have arrived from outside the country  Within the past week, transmission to two healthcare workers outside of Africa has been reported.  Dr. Prabu Selvam, an intern at the Wright-Pratt Emergency Medicine Residency, provided the resources for today's episode on Ebola.  In this short episode we will discuss appropriate screening for Ebola, it's signs and symptoms, lab abnormalities, how to confirm infection with laboratory testing, treatment of Ebola, and how to properly isolate patients with this disease.  While now is not the time to panic and think that every fever and sniffle is Ebola, we should certainly be aware of how to properly screen, diagnose, and treat this deadly disease.
September 17, 2014
Today's episode is the second and final part of Dr. Sheyna Gifford's interview with Dr. Les Zun on psychiatric emergencies.  This episode will talk more about treating depressed patients, what you can do for patients who board in your ED for hours to days to even a week, and medications used for treatment of acute agitation in the ED.
September 10, 2014
Today's episode is another installment in the EM Basic Project.  Dr. Sheyna Gifford took on the task of interviewing Dr. Les Zun, a nationally known speaker on the topic of psychiatric emergencies.  While we did an episode on psychiatric medical screening before, this episode will focus on some of the tougher situations we encounter in the ED.  For example- What do we do about the patient who is depressed but not suicidal?  How do we calm down agitated patients without reaching for medications?  These are tough questions but Dr. Zun goes througha methodical way of thinking about these issues and offers some real world practical advice that you can use on your next shift. 
August 7, 2014
Today I am handing over the podcast to FOAMcast by Drs. Lauren Westafer and Jeremy Faust.  A little more than a month ago, Dr. Nick Genes challenged twitter to create core content FOAM for hepatic emergencies.  Lauren and Jeremy did an excellent episode on this topic on FOAMcast so here it is- re-broadcasted on EM Basic.  They'll review common hepatic emergencies and their managementi in the ED and point you in the right direction to learn even more on this topic.  I haven't edited their episode at all- it's all Lauren and Jeremy's episode.  If you like what you hear, go to foamcast.org or look for FOAMcast on iTunes.
July 27, 2014
Today is the third anniversary of the EM Basic podcast.  To celebrate this milestone, this is a screencast titled "Airway Update".  I first prepared this lecture about two years ago for a conference but the topics are still relevant today.  This will be most useful for medical students and EM interns who may not have been exposed to these airway topics.  This screencast will help catch you up on what we have been talking about over the last two years on social media and FOAMed.  We'll review apenic oxygenation, delayed sequence intubation, how to effectively use ketamine in your practice, awake cricothyrotomy, and more.
July 23, 2014
Today's episode is another installment for the EM Basic Project by Dr. Andrea Sarchi.  Salicylate overdose is a toxidrome that we have to be on the lookout for in the ED.  While some cases are obvious because the patient or EMS can tell us what they took, some cases are subtle and require vigilance to make the diagnosis.  In this episode we'll review the important history and physical points, how to order the right tests, manage the toxicity, and properly disposition the patient.
June 24, 2014
Today's episode talks about the diagnosis and management of Acetaminophen overdose.  This is another addition to the EM Basic Project written by Andrea Sarchi. We encounter acetaminophen overdose frequently in the ED and we need to be on the look out for this because patients can be completely asymptomatic.  If we don't catch it, acetaminophen overdose can result in liver failure requiring transplant or even death unless we interevene early.  This episode will review how to properly workup a patient with a known or suspected acetaminophen overdose, what tests to order, and how to decide who needs antidote therapy.
May 1, 2014
In today's episode we are going to talk about documentation in the ED.  It is very important that we are complete but concise in our documentation in order to provide an accurate record for the patient's ED patient to protect them and ourselves from problems down the road.  Good documentation is good patient care so we need to know how to do this efficiently.  We will review each part of the chart starting with the triage note and ending how to give good discharge instructions.  We'll also review some tips and tricks of the trade regarding abbreviations that will make your charting faster, how to document interactions with our consultants, and even what to do when you have to document a difficult situation with a consultant.
February 17, 2014
The patient's blood pressure is 190/80 but they feel fine...how do we treat these patients in the ED?  Labs?  EKG? BP meds?  Admission???...but they are here for an ankle sprain!  Asymptomatic hypertension is a challenging complaint to deal with in the ED because of so many conflicting opinions and worries but it doesn't have to be difficult.  In this episode, we'll discuss a systematic and rational way to evaluate patients with asymptomatic HTN, do limited and targeting testing, and get them the right followup while calming the patient's fears and avoiding harm.
February 3, 2014
This episode is part 2 of the PE podcast where we will discuss risk stratification and treatment of PE.  It's important that we accurately quanitfy the amount of clot burden that the patient has to order the right treatment and admit them (or maybe even discharge them) to the right location.  We'll talk about how to classify massive, sub-massive, and "non-massive" PEs and how to treat them. We'll also briefly talk about emergning evidence for the expanding role of thrombolytics and outpatient treatment of PE.
January 28, 2014
This episode has been a long time in the making- presenting Pulmonary Embolism, part 1.  PE is a deadly diagnose that we frequently have to consider in the ED.  The presentations can be very varied but we need to know how to work up this disease while avoid unnecessary testing and harm to our patients.  In part 1, we will discuss risk factors for PE, symptoms that should make you suspicious for PE, and how to order the correct labs and imaging to diagnose this serious condition.
January 8, 2014
The last podcast on COPD led to some great discussion online about the use of oxygen in patients with COPD.  To address this, Drs. Tim Peck and Colby Redfield are back with a quick summary to clarify how to best use oxygen in patients with COPD.  There's also another cameo by the one and only Dr. Peter Rosen on how to suceede in emergency medicine.
December 9, 2013
EM Basic is back with another episode of the EM Basic Project.  In today's episode Drs. Tim Peck and Colby Redfield review the chief complaint of shortness of breath with a focus on COPD.  Even though we did an episode on shortness of breath a while back, it's always great to get a new perspective on this chief complaint.  Today's episode also features a very special guest cameo by the name of Dr. Peter Rosen.  He pretty much started EM as a speciality and you may have seen his name on a textbook or two.
September 16, 2013
This is the premiere of the first contribution to the EM Basic Project.  Dr. Brian Cohn from Washington University in Saint Louis, Missouri is on the podcast today talking about mono-articular arthritis.  He reviews the common physical exam findings, the appropriate lab work and medications, how to avoid common pitfalls in this diagnosis, some evidence based medicine pearls and even some relevant medical trivia.  Dr. Cohn is one of the authors of the EMJ club podcast which reviews common EM topics in a journal club style format.
August 7, 2013
This episode is something unlike anything I have ever done with EM Basic.  I had a case recently of a super sick patient who required a big resuscitation.  Fortunately, the patient did great and was gracious enough to give me her permission to share her case so that others can learn.  In this episode, we'll go over what happened with this patient step by step and I'll review some valuable teaching points on how to get things done in the resuscitation bay and how to think about treating critically ill patients.
July 26, 2013
This is an announcement instead of an episode.  Introducing the EM Basic Project.  If you are a senior resident or attending in emergency medicine- this is your chance to contribute to the podcast.  I will be accepting quality submissions for the podcast with help every step of the way.  I'm also looking for a webmaster to help spruce up the blog page.  In addition- if you have an idea for a blog or a podcast or don't even know where to start, email me and I can help.  Take a listen to hear all the details and stay calm- I will still be producing new material just like usual as the podcast enters it's third year of production.
July 22, 2013
In this episode, we'll talk about how to manage the airway in patients with anaphylaxis or any other upper airway obstruction.  These can be some of the most difficult airways to manage and we can run into trouble if we don't have a good plan ahead of time.  Some of this is a little "advanced" and "cutting edge" but it's important to have as many tools in your arsenal when dealing with these critical airways.  We'll review other options besides RSI to include awake intubation, delayed sequence intubation (DSI), and the awake cric.
July 15, 2013
Anaphylaxis is a potentially deadly diagnosis that requires quick action.  In this episode, we will discuss the diagnosis and management of the entire spectrum of allergic reactions from mild cutaneous reactions to life threatening anaphylaxis.  This is the first episode in a 2 part series.  Part 2 will discuss airway management in anaphylaxis and other upper airway obstructions situations.
May 20, 2013
Today's Essential Evidence Episode discusses the paper that derived and validated the PE Rule-out Criteria or PERC rule.  This is a clinical decision aid that we can use to reliably exclude pulmonary embolism in emergency department patients without any further testing.  We'll talk about some background on diagnosing PE in the ED, the study design, how to use the PERC rule in your everyday practice, and some clinical pearls as well.
April 29, 2013
We encounter seizure disorders frequently in the ED.  In this episode, we'll review all the important points about seizures including the confusing and difficult topic of pseudosezures.  We'll also go in depth on the ED treatment of seizures and status epilepticus.
February 26, 2013
We're back with a new episode of Essential Evidence.  This article is from Academic Emergency Medicine March 2009 and it talks about getting blood cultures in well appearing kids aged 3 to 36 months.  We used to get a lot of blood cultures in these well appearing kids with fever but this article was the final nail in the coffin that got us to stop doing that.  It's hard to believe that based on how we practice now but we needed this large study to show us that we are now doing the right thing.
January 23, 2013
EM Basic is back and ready for the new year.  We see various eye complaints a lot in the ED.  This episode will review common eye complaints, their treatments, and a bonus section on how to do a lateral canthotomy.
October 29, 2012
This episode reviews the article that most people call the PECARN head CT rule or the Kupperman head CT rule (named for the first author). This is an easy to use clinical decision rule that can help us reduce the number of head CTs that we do on children with minor head injury. We owe it to our patients to spare them excess radiation, cost, and time in the ED and this rules helps us do this. In order to use this rule effectively, you need to read this article and understand how the study was done.  This allows us to understand the strengths and weaknesses of this rule and helps us apply it in our everyday practice.
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